Solid pebble like deposits forming in the kidneys by the accumulation of calcium, oxalate, and uric acid are nephrolithiasis, popularly known as kidney stones.
Kidney stones can vary in size, from tiny grains to large ball sized stones. Over time, they can crystallize and bind together, eventually forming a larger mass over a period of time. The formation of such kidney stones can cause pain and discomfort to the patient, which can lead to abdominal pain, blood in the urine, and frequent urination.
Further, we will discuss in detail about kidney stones, their causes, symptoms, and treatments that can help guide you in getting treated. We will also suggest the best kidney stone treatment hospital in Mumbai that will help you get treated with proper diagnoses and medication.
Renal calculi, commonly known as kidney stones, are formed when calcium, oxalate, and uric acid get concentrated and crystallized, forming a hard mass. This can be very painful, and the following are the possible causes that may cause kidney stones in individuals.
Genetics: Having a family history of kidney stones makes you more likely to have one. Its best to know your family history, as early diagnosis of kidney stones can help treat them in their early stages.
Diet: Less fluid intake and excessive consumption of high sodium diets and oxalate-rich foods can also be major causes of kidney stones.
Dehydration: Insufficient fluid intake can lead to concentrated urine, causing crystal formation in your kidneys.
Medical conditions: Metabolic disorders or urinary tract infections can cause a huge risk of kidney stones.
Obesity: Being overweight or excessively obese can contribute to the formation of kidney stones. It is best to maintain a healthy weight.
The symptoms of kidney stones can vary for every person; people may experience mild to severe symptoms depending on the type and size of kidney stone present. Here are the symptoms you need to be aware of.
Fever and chills: If you contract an infection along with a kidney stone, you may experience fever and chills in the early stages.
Urinary Tract Infection: Contracting regularly UTI infections can be an indication that you may have a kidney stone that might be the reason for a regular UTI infection.
Difficulty passing urine: The presence of a kidney stone can block or obstruct the urinary tract, which makes it difficult to pass urine. If you face this symptom, you should seek medical advice as soon as possible.
Bad smelling urine: When your urine smells foul or there is a change in the color of your urine, it might be a clear indicator of a kidney stone.
Pain in urination: A kidney stone can block the urination path, leading to pain and a burning sensation as you urinate.
Hematuria: popularly known as blood in urine, is the most common symptom of kidney stones. You may experience pink, red, or brown patches in your urine.
Severe Pain: The symptom of severe pain in the lower abdomen and groin is the ultimate indicator of a kidney stone. This symptom should not be ignored at any cost; consulting your doctor and starting your treatment at the earliest possible time is the best possible solution.
When considering the treatment options for kidney stones, it depends on the size, complexity, location, and severity of the symptoms.
Pain Management: Pain relievers and medications can help manage pain and discomfort caused to the patient by a kidney stone.
ESWL: Extracorporeal shack wave lithotroipsy is a non invasive procedure where shock waves are used to break kidney stones into smaller fragments for easier passage.
Urteroscopy: This is a minimally invasive procedure where a tube with a camera is inserted through the urinary tract to locate and remove the kidney stone.
PCNL: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy surgical removal of larger stones through a small incision in the back.
Surgery: In severe cases where medications and minimally invasive procedures won’t help treat the patient or the stone is very large and complex, it may require surgery.
Finally, treatments should be perfectly tailored to the condition of the patient, which is best determined by your healthcare professional.
Symbiosis Speciality Hospital is one of the best kidney stone treatment hospitals in Mumbai, aided by the best nephtologists and urologists in the city for your treatment. We aim to provide our patients with the best treatments for kidney stones, including dylasis and other minimally invasive procedures. Book your appointment today with consulting doctors for the best kidney stone treatment in the city.