What Is Joint Surgery?
Joint surgery is also known as joint replacement surgery or replacement arthroplasty. As the name indicates, it is a surgical procedure that replaces a damaged joint with an artificial device. The artificial device is constructed with plastic, metal, or ceramic material.
The damaged joints can be of the knee, ankle, elbow, wrist, hip, or shoulders. The artificial device that replaces a damaged joint is known as a prosthesis. A joint surgery takes around 1.5 to 2 hours, and the hospital stay after surgery is about 2 to 3 days, depending on the patient’s condition and joint surgery type.
4 Common Types Of Joint Surgeries
Knee replacement surgery is further categorized into two types. Total knee replacement and partial knee replacement surgery. Our knee joint is sectioned into three main compartments or parts:
- The lateral compartment
- The medial compartment
- The patellofemoral compartment
A partial knee replacement procedure is done when damage occurs in only one or two knee compartments, while total knee replacement surgery is performed when all three parts of the knee are affected and need to be replaced.
Like total knee replacement surgery, total joint surgery involves replacing all parts of damaged joints with artificial devices. It can include the joints of the hip, knee, shoulders, or any other body part consisting of damaged joints.
Shoulder replacement surgery is of three main types—total, partial, and reverse shoulder replacement surgery. In the reverse shoulder replacement procedure, the positions of the shoulder parts, i.e., ball and socket, are reversed.
An artificial ball is attached to the shoulder blade, and the prosthetic socket is surgically placed at the top of the upper arm.
By reversing shoulder parts, the shoulder bypasses (avoids) the damaged tendons and muscles and utilizes the artificial joints instead
In this type, the damaged hip joints are surgically removed and replaced with an artificial implant, also known as a hip prosthetic.